In today’s world, the average smartphone user has between 45 and 60 apps on their device. Most of these apps will ask you for information about yourself and the device you’re using. They may inquire about your name, email address, or physical address. 

However, because smartphones are so capable, they can collect a great deal of information, such as your specific location. Some apps will even ask for access to the cam or speaker on the smartphone. 

While everything is done with the user’s permission, you might be shocked by how much personal data some apps have access to. Did you know that location tracking is requested by 30 percent of the Android apps and 15 percent of the most iOS apps? 

Thus, mobile privacy has become extremely dangerous and is considered volatile nowadays. Keep on reading why apps need access to your mobile apps for sim hijacking, sim port out and sim swapping attack.


Personal Information

The cost of personally identifiable information (PII) that apps demanded users provide was one of the first things we looked at. Email addresses were the most commonly shared piece of PII with apps, with 40 percent of iOS apps and 43 percent of the Android apps analyzed sharing email addresses. 

The username was shared with 33 percent of iOS apps and 30 percent of Android apps as the next most prevalent piece of PII. In the meantime, 12 percent of iOS apps and 9% of Android apps shared phone numbers. Finally, 5 percent of iOS apps and 8 percent of Android apps provided the user’s address. Thus, mobile privacy is becoming extremely volatile. 

Many apps interface with social media, allowing users to check in with their social media account and have the app post straight to the social media site. For the user, this means they won’t have to remember passwords for each app, they’ll be willing to welcome friends to play mobile games with them, and they’ll be able to post app information on their timeline. 

However, because of this symbiotic relationship, the app can acquire user data from the social media account while the social media service can collect data from the app. We were able to examine what PII was being shared in iOS apps that used social network integration. 

We weren’t, though, in the case of Android apps. This was due to the fact that all of the apps in issue used Facebook’s used Graph application programming interface (API), and the Android version of Graph employs certificate pinning, which prohibited us from seeing what personally identifiable information (PII) was being shared. Thus, many apps have access to your critical information, and mobile privacy is increasingly threatened.

A Few Permissions Carry a Higher Level of Risk than Others

Apps will need the authorization to access numerous capabilities on your mobile device in addition to personal information. If you wish to use Instagram to snap a picture, the app will need permission to utilize your device’s camera. 

Thus, again your mobile privacy is at stake. An app can request a large number of permissions, but not all permissions are the same. As a consequence, we took a closer look at what we call “risky permissions”: rights that could grant access to data or resources, including the user’s personal information, or permissions that could potentially influence the user’s stored data or the operation of other apps. 

Access to the user’s location, contacts, SMS messages, phone logs, camera, or calendar are examples of hazardous permissions. These threaten your mobile privacy and provide access to your personal
information through mobile apps. 

What did we discover? The most commonly requested dangerous permission was camera access, which was sought by 46 percent of Android apps and 25% of iOS apps. Location tracking was a close second, with 45 percent of Android apps and 25% of iOS apps requesting it. 25% percent of Android apps and nine percent of iOS apps asked for permission to record audio. 

Finally, 15% of Android apps requested authorization to view SMS messages, while 10% requested access to call logs. In iOS, neither of these permissions is available. 

Surprisingly, several Android apps sought more dangerous permissions than their iOS counterparts in cases when we analyzed both the Android and iOS versions of apps. Seven Android apps requested SMS message access, but their iOS counterparts did not. One Android software asked for access to call logs, but its iOS counterpart did not. While neither permission

is available in iOS, it begs the question of why these permissions are required in the Android version but not in the iOS version. Thus, raising alarming questions about mobile privacy and access that mobile apps provide. 

Is It Required to Have all Permissions?

Is it truly necessary for these apps to have all of these permissions? There were features in each app that used the permission in some way. 

For example, when the user receives incoming calls or texts, Smartest Light LED provides comprehensive customization choices as well as the ability to make it flash in various ways. It would need access to calls and texts in order to do so. 

Is it true that some software developers create features just for the purpose of gaining access to permissions? It’s a possibility, but one for which we have no conclusive response. 

Finally, it’s up to the user to decide whether these extra features are necessary for the app’s operation and whether it’s worth allowing access to features that only bring minor benefits. Thus, the user has to balance an app’s function and mobile privacy and has to decide if mobile privacy is greater than its function. We can see a trend that mobile Privacy theft is on the rise

Privacy Policies have You Perplexed?

When apps offer mobile privacy policies, it can be difficult for users to keep track of what they’ve agreed to. There are various complicating aspects, even if each app has its own set of permissions and privacy regulations.

• While some apps are self-contained, many others require other apps or links to third party websites to work properly or provide additional functionality. It’s possible that some of these are third-party apps that are risks to mobile privacy.
• Each successive app may have its own mobile privacy policy, and the user should not assume that the privacy policy of the top-level app applies to subsequent app downloads. Thus, beware of mobile apps that access your personal information.
• Most apps, on the other hand, will disclaim any responsibility for third-party usage of the data.

In summary, while you may be certain of your ground when it comes to a single app with a single privacy policy, the picture becomes progressively complicated as additional apps are connected to it, especially when it comes to third-party apps. 

Is there a reason to be concerned about this? Third-party apps are linked to a large number of apps that request hazardous permissions. 40 percent of Android apps with dangerous permissions include links to third-party apps. Either the typical app functioning is interrupted by adverts, or there are connections to third-party apps that provide the same functionality.

Meanwhile, linkages to third-party apps are found in 16% of iOS apps that require dangerous permissions. Thus, you have to be aware of which apps are using other apps to secure your mobile privacy.



Guarding your Mobile Privacy

Before installing an app, make sure to:
• Examine the app’s required permissions and make notes of permissions that threaten your mobile privacy.
• Consider why an app requires the permissions it does. If the permissions appear excessive, consider whether they are likely to be there solely to collect information about you.
• Read the privacy statement. If there isn’t one, or if it’s impossible to tell where your data will go based on it, don’t install the program.


How to Keep Your Personal Data Safe

• Read each social networking site’s an app’s privacy policies before using them.
• Signing into an app with your social networking site account is not recommended. If you do, make sure you know what information the app will get from your social media account.
• If you do use your social network account to sign into apps, limit the amount of information you share in your public profile on social networking sites. This will protect your mobile privacy.
• Consider if you want the social networking site to know this information about your app; when you submit data from an app to a social networking site, this will restrict the data and limit the mobile privacy threats.


Is There Something Else I Need to Know About Permissions?

Apps might ask for access to your phone calls, call logs, and SMS messages on Android. Some games and fitness tracking applications use this data for legitimate purposes, such as identifying you to your telecom or halting particular actions when a call comes in. However, you should only permit this level of access to apps from firms you know and trust.
Dodgy free Android games have been known to collect sensitive information, such as phone numbers and IMEIs, and sell it to spammers who will call or message you to sell you their products or scammers who will try to defraud you using these permissions.


Mobile apps today take a considerable amount of our information, but we have to be aware that there
are helpful actions that we can do to safeguard our mobile privacy since this is a digitally growing world,
and this information theft of our mobile privacy will only increase. You can also share your experience with the mobile privacy theft and tell us about your experience in the comments section. Thank you for reading, and stay safe.